Ever since Prime Minister – Beata Szydło’s administration took the reins in 2015, the country started a path of unprecedented change and legislation. Roform concerned many aspects of the judicial branch but also welfare. The Law and Justice Party became the main treasure in the eye of the public, resulting in their upsurge of support leaving other parties far behind. At present, the Law and Justice Party has an approval rating of about 31.8%; in comparison, its main rival, Civic Platform, has one of about 23.5%. The party’s success can be attributed mainly to the efficiency and consistency with which it approaches the well-being of the country. After many successes of the former Prime Minister, his successor, Mateusz Morawiecki, put forward his plan for significant economic improvement. There were many factors that made Poland embark on a journey of unprecedented change; however, I decided to mention only these most important ones.
Population started rising due to 500 pln credit for families with children. The promise of The Law and Justice Party has been fulfilled form the very start. The 500+ program came into effect on April 1, 2016. That for the first time proved that government incentivised population growth by giving families which have two children or more to support a monthly 500 pln credit. This act significantly improved the well-being of struggling, impoverished families with multiple children. Thus, the government took part in raising of children in Poland; resulting in a notable increase in population. A recent prognosis indicates that the population rate in Poland may increase around 1.7 mln till the year 2050. This seems to be a good prospective solution as far as patching the workforce hole is concerned. A lot of poles emigrate to foreign countries due to the reason of better wages which results in a less number of Polish qualified workers. The program seems to drain the budget, however, thanks to the fight with different tax offences and other actions, Polish economy holds tight without much deviation and leakage.
More and more hard working people felt a slight uplift in their living conditions. This has been the result of an increased minimum wage by 100 pln. While this doesn’t seem to be a big deal it has had a large impact. An improvement of pension scheme seems to be a good change as well. Now, for instance, the retirement age limit is again 60 for women and 65 for men. An act from 2012 had previously set the retirement age for both sexes at the age of 67. Another factor that made people more optimistic about their finances in Poland was the cabinet council’s decision to raise the social pension to around 19%, increasing it from 865 pln to 1029 pln. The program aims to take care of people who are unable to perform trade of any kind.
The fight with tax offenders made a great contribution to the country. In accordance to Morawiecki’s promises, a lot of swindlers were caught red handed, committing fictional exports and false invoices that were weakening Polish economy. The rate of such offences reached 20 mld pln, which aroused many concerns about the future of Poland. As a result, Polish politicians began focusing more on potentially endangered sectors as far as such offences were concerned. The fuel sector, in particular, drew great attention as a domain where a lot of money could be retrieved. Thus, such policy created a new vision for Poland, where unlawful and uncivil actions could face serious consequences. As Morawiecki once put it : “We want to be more like Sherlock Holmes than Robin Hood’’. That meant the installation of certain analytic devices and investigations into variety of systems to prevent fraud. The effort is not to take away money from rich and give it to the poor but rather to lawfully regulate all spheres of mutual and fair trade.
In summary, in spite of many improvements in the social system such as the raise of minimum wage, together with different credits for people i.e. the social pension raise, 500 pln for families with second and more children, and lower retirement age, Poland’s GDP has remained stable, even grown in comparison to the last few years. Currently the GDP is predicted to increase at a rate of around 4,1 %, and Poland seems to have adopted a positive outlook as a country that can finally afford adequate welfare for its citizens. Taking into consideration all of those improvements it seems to be inevitable to mention the input of European Union with whom Poland has cooperated affably over the course of many years. This – ultimately – may be the main motor of change that has led Poland onto a track of progress and created a vision for further growth for many years to come.